The uterus (or womb) rests in the pelvis, it is a hollow muscular organ, the size of a fist and it opens to two tubes on the sides. The purpose of the tubes is to transport eggs (and sperm) for fertilisation .
Near the tubes, we find the ovaries. This is a magnificent organ, and it is amazing that we have 2 of them!
The ovary is the human “egg bank” and it has more than 3 million potential eggs when we are still fetuses in our mother’s womb!
During menstrual life, it produces hormones like estrogen and progesterone in a complex fashion.
Even more amazing, is the fact that every month one egg matures and leaves the ovary. This is called ovulation. Then, the tubes try to catch that egg and move it toward the uterus.
Why do we need a cervix?
The connection of the uterus to the vagina is through the cervical canal that is located in the depth of the vagina.
The cervix (in latin – meaning neck) has many roles. Secretions and mucus from the cervix act as a barrier from bacteria and infection for the uterus. Secretions can also change during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
The cervix is usually closed and it dilates during labour, menstruation or abortion. Sperm has the ability to swim up the cervical canal (especially during ovulation) into the uterus and spread in the tubes in a matter of minutes!
What is the pelvic floor?
Women have 3 openings – the urethra is first, the vagina in the middle and the rectum. The pelvic floor are muscles that hold this complex structure together and support the uterus and bladder in place.
Like all muscles- they may change during life, pregnancy and birth.
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